Francisco Zúñiga 1912 - 1998

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Francisco Zúñiga - Mazateca
Auction
Latin American Art Online
March 2024
Christies, New York (Online Auction)
Est.: 15.000 - 20.000 USD
Realised: 18.900 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - La Escalera
Auction
Prints & Multiples
January 2024
Bonhams, Los Angeles (Online Auction)
Est.: 600 - 800 USD
Realised: 538 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - A Group of 3 Lithographs 3
Auction
Prints & Multiples
January 2024
Bonhams, Los Angeles (Online Auction)
Est.: 2.400 - 3.000 USD
Realised: not available
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Mujeres en la Ventana; La Calera 2
Auction
Prints & Multiples
January 2024
Bonhams, Los Angeles (Online Auction)
Est.: 1.200 - 1.800 USD
Realised: not available
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Familia Indígena I; La Comida 2
Auction
Prints & Multiples
January 2024
Bonhams, Los Angeles (Online Auction)
Est.: 1.400 - 1.800 USD
Realised: 1.408 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - La Sembradora
Auction
Prints & Multiples
January 2024
Bonhams, Los Angeles (Online Auction)
Est.: 800 - 1.000 USD
Realised: not available
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - La Juchiteca
Auction
Prints & Multiples
January 2024
Bonhams, Los Angeles (Online Auction)
Est.: 600 - 900 USD
Realised: 640 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Juchiteca sentada
Auction
Impressionist & Modern Art
November 2023
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 1.500 - 2.500 USD
Realised: 1.408 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Dos mujeres de pie
Auction
Impressionist & Modern Art
November 2023
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 10.000 - 15.000 USD
Realised: 19.200 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Seated Woman sight size 20 x 24 in. (50.8 x 61.0 cm) framed 29 1/2 x 34 1/2 x 1 3/4 in.
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Art | Bonhams Skinner
November 2023
Bonhams, Skinner Marlborough, Massachusetts
Est.: 2.000 - 4.000 USD
Realised: 1.280 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Vieja Maya
Auction
Latin American Art Online
October 2023
Christies, New York (Online Auction)
Est.: 18.000 - 22.000 USD
Realised: not available
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Desnudo de Hombre [Male Nude]
Auction
Modern Native American Art and JewelryFeaturing the Historic Pictorial Beadwork Collection of Joel and Kate Kopp
August 2023
Bonhams, Los Angeles
Est.: 700 - 1.000 USD
Realised: 832 USD
Details

The artist Francisco Zúñiga

  • Sculptor and painter who was known for his sometimes life-size sculptures of women.
  • His art contributed significantly to a change in sculpture in Mexico at the time.
  • Taught directly after his studies at the La Esmeralda Art Academy in Mexico City.

Francisco Zúñiga Chavarría, born 27 December 1912 in Guadalupe, San José Province, Costa Rica, deceased 9 August 1998 in Mexico City, was a Costa Rican-Mexican sculptor and painter known mainly for his multifaceted, sometimes life-size sculptures of indigenous women of Central America. In most cases, Zúñiga's sculptures and paintings focus on the naturalistic depiction of the female body - his figures are sometimes naked, sometimes wrapped in robes, sometimes squatting, sometimes standing or pensively leaning their heads in their hands.

He also has the women appear not only individually, but repeatedly in groups or as mothers of small children. Zúñiga's turn towards a realistic aesthetic is manifested not only in the often corpulent stature, but also in the introspective, serious facial expressions of the sculptures and paintings. It is said that his work was decisively responsible for a change in Mexican sculpture at the time.

Zúñiga grew up as the son of a religious painter and sculptor in the province of San José in Costa Rica. In 1927, at the age of 15, he took his first drawing lessons at the local art school. His points of contact with sculpture became apparent early on: between 1928 and 1934 he worked as an assistant in his own family business, his father's sculpture workshop. In 1935, he was awarded the prize of the Costa Rican art salon Salón de Escultura for his stone sculpture La Maternidad. A year later, Zúñiga decided to emigrate to Mexico, further north, because he was impressed by the landscape.

In Mexico he studied design and sculpture with Rodríguez Lozano and Oliverio Martínez. The contacts, his talent and his well-founded education enabled him to subsequently teach at the La Esmeralda Art Academy in Mexico City. From 1946 he worked exclusively as an artist. In 1958, he received the first prize for sculpture from the Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes. Some thirty years later, in 1987, he became a member of the art institution Academia de Artes in Mexico City. Zúñiga died in 1998 at the age of 85 in his adopted country.

Der Künstler Francisco Zúñiga

  • Bildhauer und Maler, der für seine teils lebensgroßen Frauenskulpturen bekannt war.
  • Seine Kunst trug maßgeblich zu einer Veränderung der Bildhauerei in Mexiko bei.
  • Unterrichtete an der Kunstakademie La Esmeralda in Mexiko-Stadt.

Francisco Zúñiga Chavarría, geb. 27.12.1912 in Guadalupe, Provinz San José, Costa Rica, gest. 09.08.1998 in Mexiko-Stadt, war ein costa-ricanisch-mexikanischer Bildhauer und Maler, der hauptsächlich für seine vielgestaltigen, teils lebensgroßen Skulpturen indigener Frauen Zentralamerikas bekannt war. Zúñigas Skulpturen und Gemälde fokussieren sich in den meisten Fällen auf die naturalistische Abbildung des weiblichen Körpers – seine Figuren zeigen sich mal nackt, mal in Gewänder gehüllt, mal hockend, mal stehend oder nachdenklich mit dem Kopf in die Hände gestützt.

Außerdem lässt er die Frauen nicht nur einzeln, sondern wiederholt auch in Gruppen oder als Mütter von kleinen Kindern in Erscheinung treten. Zúñigas Hinwendung zu einer wirklichkeitsnahen Ästhetik manifestiert sich nicht nur in der oftmals korpulenten Statur, sondern auch in der in sich gekehrten, ernsten Mimik der Skulpturen und Gemälde. Es heißt, dass seine Arbeit maßgeblich für eine Veränderung der damaligen mexikanischen Bildhauerei mitverantwortlich war.

Zúñiga wuchs als Sohn eines religiösen Malers und Bildhauers in der Provinz San José in Costa Rica auf. 1927, im Alter von 15 Jahren, nahm er an der örtlichen Kunstschule erstmals Zeichenunterricht. Seine Berührungspunkte zur Bildhauerei zeichneten sich schon früh ab. Zwischen 1928 und 1934 arbeitete er als Hilfskraft im eigenen Familienbetrieb, der Bildhauerei seines Vaters. 1935 wurde er mit dem Preis des costa-ricanischen Kunstsalons Salón de Escultura für seine Steinskulptur La Maternidad ausgezeichnet.

Ein Jahr später entschied sich Zúñiga ins nördlicher gelegene Mexiko auszuwandern, weil ihm die Landschaft imponierte. In Mexiko studierte er Gestaltung und Bildhauerei bei Rodríguez Lozano und Oliverio Martínez. Die Kontakte, sein Talent und seine fundierte Ausbildung ermöglichten es ihm, im Anschluss an der Kunstakademie La Esmeralda in Mexiko-Stadt in der Lehre tätig zu werden. Ab 1946 arbeitete er ausschließlich als freier Künstler. 1987 wurde Zúñiga Mitglied der kunstwissenschaftlichen Institution Academia de Artes in Mexiko-Stadt. Zúñiga starb 1998 im Alter von 85 Jahren in seiner Wahlheimat.

Francisco Zúñiga - Grupo de Mujeres Sentadas III
Auction
Prints & Multiples
June 2023
Bonhams, Los Angeles (Online Auction)
Est.: 800 - 1.200 USD
Realised: 576 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Mujer envuelta
Auction
Impressionist & Modern Art
May 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 20.000 - 30.000 USD
Realised: 22.950 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Chamulas Rojo
Auction
Discovery on Sunset
May 2023
Bonhams, Hong Kong (Online Auction)
Est.: 500 - 700 USD
Realised: 179 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Familia Indígena II
Auction
Prints & Photographs | Bonhams Skinner
May 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 1.000 - 1.500 USD
Realised: 638 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Niñas con Panes
Auction
Prints & Photographs | Bonhams Skinner
May 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 1.000 - 1.500 USD
Realised: 638 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - El Peinado
Auction
Prints & Photographs | Bonhams Skinner
May 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 800 - 1.200 USD
Realised: 510 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - La Novia
Auction
Prints & Photographs | Bonhams Skinner
May 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 800 - 1.200 USD
Realised: 510 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Seated Nude
Auction
Modern Native American Art
April 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 1.500 - 2.500 USD
Realised: 1.275 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Desnudo Acostado en Paño Rosa [Lying Down Nude on Pink Cloth]
Auction
Modern Native American Art
April 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 1.500 - 2.500 USD
Realised: 1.658 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Desnudo en la Puerta [Nude at the Door]
Auction
Modern Native American Art
April 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 1.500 - 2.500 USD
Realised: 1.403 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Desnudo Acostado [Lying Down Nude]
Auction
Modern Native American Art
April 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 1.500 - 2.500 USD
Realised: 1.530 USD
Details
Francisco Zúñiga - Desnudo de Hombre [Male Nude]
Auction
Modern Native American Art
April 2023
Bonhams
Est.: 1.000 - 2.000 USD
Realised: not available
Details

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