Mark Rothko Daugavpils, Latvia 1903 - 1970 New York City

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Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
The Macklowe Collection
May 2022
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 35.000.000 - 50.000.000 USD
Realised: 48.008.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
20th Century & Contemporary Art Evening Sale
May 2022
Phillips, New York Auction
Est.: 6.000.000 - 8.000.000 USD
Realised: 8.435.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - No. 1
Auction
The Collection of Anne H. Bass
May 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 45.000.000 - 65.000.000 USD
Realised: 49.625.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled (Shades of Red)
Auction
The Collection of Anne H. Bass
May 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 60.000.000 - 80.000.000 USD
Realised: 66.800.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
Post-War and Contemporary Art Day Sale
November 2021
Christies, New York
Est.: 2.500.000 - 3.500.000 USD
Realised: 8.489.500 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - No. 7
Auction
The Macklowe Collection
November 2021
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 70.000.000 - 90.000.000 USD
Realised: 82.468.500 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
20th Century & Contemporary Art Evening Sale
June 2021
Phillips, New York Auction
Est.: 3.500.000 - 4.500.000 USD
Realised: 3.700.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
Contemporary Art Day Auction
May 2021
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 3.000.000 - 4.000.000 USD
Realised: 5.549.400 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
20th Century Evening Sale
May 2021
Christies, New York
Est.: -1 - -1 USD
Realised: 38.145.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled (Black Blue Painting)
Auction
20th Century & Contemporary Art Evening Sale
April 2021
Phillips, London Auction
Est.: 2.500.000 - 3.500.000 GBP
Realised: 2.866.000 GBP
Details
Mark Rothko - Subway
Auction
Contemporary Curated
October 2020
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 150.000 - 200.000 USD
Realised: 189.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Two Women At A Window
Auction
Contemporary Art
October 2020
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 60.000 - 80.000 USD
Realised: 138.600 USD
Details

The artist Mark Rothko

  • Pioneer of Abstract Expressionism and color field painting.
  • The viewer-image relationship was a major concern for him.
  • Suffered probably from a bipolar affect disorder and took his own life in 1970.

Mark Rothko is considered a pioneer of Abstract Expressionism and color field painting. Born in 1903 under the name Marcus Rotkovich, the artist came into the world in what is now Latvia and emigrated to the United States with his family in 1913. He initially attended Yale University in the early 1920s, but later decided not to finish his studies and instead moved to New York to take classes at the Art Students League. In 1933 he had his first solo exhibition at the Portland Museum of Art. In 1935, together with eight other artists, he founded the association The Ten (later: The Ten Who are Nine).

It was not until 1940 that he had his civil name changed to Rothko in Latvian it was already very similar: Marks Rotko. Five years later, he had made his breakthrough on the art scene and was allowed to show his works in a solo show at Peggy Guggenheim's Art of This Century gallery in New York.  Although Rothko is known today primarily for his large-scale, abstract color-field paintings, he first took his cue from European Surrealism, especially artists like Max Ernst. His greatest role model, Henri Matisse, also served as a source of inspiration for Rothko's works from his early creative phase.

His work Hommage to Matisse (1953) again clearly demonstrates his enthusiasm for the French painter. From 1949 onwards, Rothko's main work emerged  his often large-format oil paintings, consisting of blurred, monochrome areas of color, fundamentally helped shape Abstract Expressionism and, in particular, Color Field painting. For the artist himself, what mattered most was how he viewed his work. He specified how the paintings should be hung and illuminated - for example, the distance to the person viewing them should be around 45 cm in order to achieve an optimal viewer-image relationship. His focus and at the same time urgent concern was always on the color effect.

From the retrospective, it is assumed today that Rothko must have suffered from a bipolar affective disorder, which was sometimes reconstructed on the basis of the color changes during his various work phases. The painter committed suicide in his New York City studio in 1970, leaving behind an extremely valuable life's work that was later to be the subject of a lawsuit: to this day, his paintings are regularly auctioned off at prices in the millions. The sale by two friends, who were to administer the inheritance, ended his daughter after said trial.

Der Künstler Mark Rothko

  • Pionier des Abstrakten Expressionismus und der Farbfeldmalerei.
  • Die Betrachter-Bild-Relation war ihm ein großes Anliegen.
  • Litt vermutlich an einer bipolaren Affektstörung und nahm sich 1970 das Leben.

Mark Rothko gilt als Pionier des Abstrakten Expressionismus und der Farbfeldmalerei. Der 1903 unter dem Namen Marcus Rotkovich geborene Künstler kam im heutigen Lettland auf die Welt und wanderte 1913 mit seiner Familie in die Vereinigten Staaten aus. Er besuchte zu Beginn der 1920er Jahre zunächst die Yale University, entschied sich später allerdings dazu, sein Studium nicht zu beenden und  stattdessen nach New York zu ziehen, um dort Unterricht an der Art Students League zu nehmen. 1933 folgte bereits seine erste Einzelausstellung im Portland Museum of Art. 1935 gründete er gemeinsam mit acht weiteren Künstlern die Vereinigung The Ten (später: The Ten Who are Nine).

Erst 1940 ließ er seinen bürgerlichen Namen in Rothko ändern – auf Lettisch lautete dieser ohnehin bereits sehr ähnlich: Marks Rotko. Fünf Jahre später hatte er den Durchbruch in der Kunstszene geschafft und durfte seine Werke in einer Einzelschau in Peggy Guggenheims Galerie Art of This Century in New York zeigen.  Obwohl Rothko heute vorwiegend für seine großformatigen, abstrakten Farbfeldgemälde bekannt ist, orientierte er sich zuerst am europäischen Surrealismus, vor allem an Künstlern wie Max Ernst. Sein größtes Vorbild, Henri Matisse, diente ebenfalls als Inspirationsquelle für Rothkos Werke aus seiner frühen Schaffensphase.

Seine Arbeit Hommage to Matisse (1953) führt seine Begeisterung für den französischen Maler noch einmal deutlich vor Augen. Ab 1949 entstand Rothkos Hauptwerk – seine oft großformatigen Ölgemälde, bestehend aus unscharfen, monochromen Farbflächen, formten den Abstrakten Expressionismus und insbesondere die Farbfeldmalerei grundlegend mit. Für den Künstler selbst war vor allem die Betrachtung seiner Arbeit von Bedeutung. Er gab vor, wie die Bilder gehängt und beleuchtet werden sollten – so sollte etwa die Entfernung zur betrachtenden Person um die 45 cm betragen, um eine optimale Betrachter-Bild-Relation zu erreichen. Sein Fokus und gleichzeitig dringliches Anliegen lag stets auf der Farbwirkung. 

Aus der Retrospektive wird heute davon ausgegangen, dass Rothko an einer bipolaren affektiven Störung gelitten haben muss, was mitunter anhand der Farbwechsel während seiner verschiedenen Arbeitsphasen rekonstruiert wurde. Der Maler beging 1970 in seinem Atelier in New York City Suizid und hinterließ ein äußerst wertvolles Lebenswerk, um das es später noch einen Prozess geben sollte: Seine Bilder werden bis heute regelmäßig zu Preisen in Millionenöhe versteigert. Den Verkauf durch zwei Freunde, die das Erbe verwalten sollten, beendete seine Tochter nach besagtem Prozess. 

Mark Rothko - Untitled (Black On Maroon)
Auction
Contemporary Art Evening Auction
October 2020
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 25.000.000 - 35.000.000 USD
Realised: 27.840.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
20th Century Evening Sale
October 2020
Christies, New York
Est.: 30.000.000 - 50.000.000 USD
Realised: 31.275.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled (Underwater Series)
Auction
Contemporary Art Day Auction
June 2020
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 100.000 - 150.000 USD
Realised: 106.250 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
Contemporary Art Day Auction
June 2020
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 250.000 - 350.000 USD
Realised: 716.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Green, Blue, Green
Auction
Contemporary Art Evening Auction
June 2020
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 7.000.000 - 10.000.000 USD
Realised: 8.350.900 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Blue Over Red
Auction
Contemporary Art Evening Auction
November 2019
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 25.000.000 - 35.000.000 USD
Realised: 26.461.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - No. 16/No. 12 (Mauve Intersection)
Auction
Impressionist and Modern Art Evening Sale
May 2019
Christies, New York
Est.: 2.000.000 - 3.000.000 USD
Realised: 5.382.500 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
Post-War and Contemporary Art Evening Sale
May 2019
Christies, New York
Est.: 3.500.000 - 5.000.000 USD
Realised: 5.723.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled (Red On Red)
Auction
Contemporary Art Evening Auction
May 2019
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 7.000.000 - 10.000.000 USD
Realised: 8.237.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled (Red And Burgundy Over Blue)
Auction
Contemporary Art Evening Auction
May 2019
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 9.000.000 - 12.000.000 USD
Realised: 10.515.000 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled
Auction
Contemporary Art Evening Auction
May 2019
Sothebys, New York
Est.: 35.000.000 - 50.000.000 USD
Realised: 50.095.250 USD
Details
Mark Rothko - Untitled (Reclining Nude)
Auction
Contemporary Art Online
March 2019
Sothebys, New York (Online Auction)
Est.: 10.000 - 15.000 USD
Realised: 27.500 USD
Details

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