Alexander Calder Lawnton, Pennsylvania 1898 - 1976 New York City

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Alexander Calder - Petite croix
Auction
20th Century & Contemporary Art Evening Sale
November 2022
Phillips, New York Auction
Est.: 3.500.000 - 4.500.000 USD
Realised: 4.023.000 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Plutôt jaune
Auction
20th Century & Contemporary Art Evening Sale
November 2022
Phillips, New York Auction
Est.: 1.500.000 - 2.000.000 USD
Realised: 1.482.000 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Joys of the Neophyte
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 2.000 - 4.000 USD
Realised: 10.200 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - The Way to the World
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 2.000 - 3.000 USD
Realised: 7.013 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Snakes
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 2.000 - 3.000 USD
Realised: 5.738 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Pyramids at Dawn
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 1.500 - 2.500 USD
Realised: 6.120 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Pyramids and Sun
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 2.000 - 3.000 USD
Realised: 17.850 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Untitled
Auction
Post-War & Contemporary Art
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 700.000 - 1.000.000 USD
Realised: not available
Details
Alexander Calder - La mousson (Monsoon)
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 1.500 - 2.500 USD
Realised: 2.805 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Untitled
Auction
Post-War & Contemporary Art Day Sale
November 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 150.000 - 200.000 USD
Realised: 378.000 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Untitled
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 2.000 - 3.000 USD
Realised: 15.300 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Untitled
Auction
Post-War & Contemporary Art Day Sale
November 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 200.000 - 300.000 USD
Realised: 302.400 USD
Details

The artist Alexander Calder

  • US-American sculptor of the modern era.
  • Most of his works can be classified as kinetic art.
  • One of the leading figures of object art and inventor of the mobile.

The US sculptor Alexander Calder who is known for his mobiles and hanging sculptures is one of the most influential representatives of object art. His works are permeated by curved lines, geometric contours and rounded corners. Their biomorphic forms reveal the influence of Joan Miró's Surrealism. Both artists maintained a lifelong exchange, which is reflected in a multitude of cross-references within the works of both artists. Calders work also shows his desire to combine abstraction and movement: He is known as the inventor of the mobile, but he also constructed sculptures powered by engines. One of his best-known works is Cirque Calder, a miniature mechanical circus made of wire with small figures and animals.

Alexander Calder was born on 22.07.1898 in Lawnton (Pennsylvania) into a family of artists. Both his grandfather, Alexander Milne Calder, and his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, were well-known sculptors. He entered the art world as a self-taught artist and studied engineering before joining George Luks and Boardman Robinson at the New York Art Students League from 1923 to 1926.

From 1924 to 1926, he worked as a draughtsman on a part-time basis until his studies took him to Paris in 1926, where he learned at the Académie de la Grande Chaumière and occupied one of Arno Breker's studios. It was during this time that he began working on his later piece Cirque Calder and cultivated contacts with contemporary artists such as Piet Mondrian, Hans (Jean) Arp, Fernand Léger and Marcel Duchamp. In 1932 he became a member of the artists' group Abstraction-Création, which furthered his turn towards abstraction. A year later he moved back to Roxbury (Conneticut) in the USA. In 1952, Calder's first solo exhibition was held in Germany. He also participated in documenta 1 (1955), documenta II (1959) and documenta III (1964).

He died in New York on 11 November 1976. His estate, which includes a large private collection, has been looked after by the Calder Foundation since 1987.

Der Künstler Alexander Calder

  • US-amerikanischer Bildhauer der Moderne.
  • Großteil seiner Werke lässt sich der kinetischen Kunst zuordnen.
  • Einer der bedeutendsten Vertreter der Objektkunst und Erfinder des Mobiles.

Der US-amerikanische Bildhauer Alexander Calder ist für seine Mobiles und hängenden Skulpturen bekannt und zählt zu den bedeutendsten Vertretern der Objektkunst. Seine Werke sind durchzogen von geschwungenen Linien, geometrischen Konturen sowie abgerundeten Ecken und offenbaren durch ihre biomorphen Formen den Einfluss des Surrealismus von Joan Miró. Beide Künstler pflegten einen lebenslangen Austausch, der sich in einer Vielzahl an Querverweisen innerhalb der Werke beider Künstler widerspiegelt. In seinen Arbeiten zeigt sich zudem sein Wunsch danach, Abstraktion und Bewegung miteinander zu verbinden: Calder gilt als Erfinder des Mobiles, konstruierte daneben aber auch mit Motoren betriebene Skulpturen. Eines seiner bekanntesten Werke ist der Cirque Calder, ein aus Draht gefertigter mechanischer Miniaturzirkus mit kleinen Figuren und Tieren.

Alexander Calder wurde am 22.07.1898 in Lawnton (Pennsylvania) in eine Künstlerfamilie geboren. Sowohl sein Großvater, Alexander Milne Calder, als auch sein Vater, Alexander Stirling Calder, waren bekannte Bildhauer. Er stieg als Autodidakt in die Kunstwelt ein und absolvierte ein Ingenieurstudium, bevor er von 1923 bis 1926 zusammen mit George Luks und Boardman Robinson an der New Yorker Art Students League studierte.

Von 1924 bis 1926 arbeitete er nebenbei als Zeichner, bis es ihn 1926 im Zuge seines Studiums nach Paris verschlug, wo er an der Académie de la Grande Chaumière lernte und ein Atelier von Arno Breker mit bewohnte. In dieser Zeit fing er mit der Arbeit an seinem späteren Werk Cirque Calder an und pflegte Kontakte zu zeitgenössischen Künstlern wie Piet Mondrian, Hans (Jean) Arp, Fernand Léger und Marcel Duchamp. 1932 wurde er Mitglied der Künstlergruppe Abstraction-Création, was seine Hinwendung zur Abstraktion beförderte. Ein Jahr darauf zog er zurück in die USA, nach Roxbury (Conneticut). 1952 wurde Calders erste Einzelausstellung in Deutschland gezeigt. Er war außerdem Teilnehmer der documenta 1 (1955), der documenta II (1959) und der documenta III (1964).

Er starb am 11.11.1976 in New York. Sein Nachlass, der eine große Privatsammlung beinhaltet, wird seit 1987 von der Calder Foundation betreut.

Alexander Calder - Uprooted Whip
Auction
20th Century Evening Sale
November 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 3.000.000 - 5.000.000 USD
Realised: 3.420.000 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Cantilever
Auction
Post-War & Contemporary Art Day Sale
November 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 1.800.000 - 2.500.000 USD
Realised: 1.700.000 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Untitled
Auction
20th Century & Contemporary Art Day Sale, Morning Session
November 2022
Phillips, New York Auction
Est.: 40.000 - 60.000 USD
Realised: 81.900 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Untitled
Auction
Visionary: The Paul G. Allen Collection Part I
November 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 2.500.000 - 3.500.000 USD
Realised: 7.832.500 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Two-Toned Moon
Auction
Visionary: The Paul G. Allen Collection Part II
November 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 1.000.000 - 1.500.000 USD
Realised: 2.700.000 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Dent de sagesse
Auction
20th/21st Century: Amsterdam
November 2022
Christies, Amsterdam (Online Auction)
Est.: 2.500 - 3.500 EUR
Realised: 2.772 EUR
Details
Alexander Calder - Untitled, from Flight Portfolio
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 4.000 - 6.000 USD
Realised: 12.113 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Disques Verticales
Auction
Visionary: The Paul G. Allen Collection Part II
November 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 2.000.000 - 3.000.000 USD
Realised: 4.500.000 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Untitled
Auction
Visionary: The Paul G. Allen Collection Part II
November 2022
Christies, New York
Est.: 250.000 - 350.000 USD
Realised: 1.860.000 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Potpourri en ciel
Auction
Modern & Contemporary Prints & Multiples
November 2022
Bonhams, New York
Est.: 4.000 - 6.000 USD
Realised: 12.750 USD
Details
Alexander Calder - Untitled
Auction
Post-War and Contemporary Art Day Sale
October 2022
Christies, London
Est.: 10.000 - 15.000 GBP
Realised: 27.720 GBP
Details
Alexander Calder - La Camargue
Auction
Post-War and Contemporary Art Day Sale
October 2022
Christies, London
Est.: 30.000 - 50.000 GBP
Realised: 50.400 GBP
Details

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