Louise Bourgeois is an exceptional artist, partly because she created her groundbreaking works at a time in her life when others normally enter a kind of retirement. In 1999, Bourgeois received the Golden Lion for her life's work at the Venice Biennale − and immediately outdid herself the following year: In her late 80s, she produced the monumental stainless steel spider sculpture Maman, which was on display for the first time in the Turbine Hall of the Tate Modern in 2000. The nine-metre-high work of art and its six bronze casts increased Bourgeois' fame, fascinate viewers to this day and even changed some people's view of the rather unpopular arachnids.
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Louise Bourgeois is one of the most famous artists of the 20th century. Her large-format spider sculptures are particularly associated with her. However, the artist's early works are primarily drawings. These were psychologically and artistically essential for Bourgeois, which is why she drew them daily until the end of her life.
With city views of Berlin, Efraim Habermann became known to a broad public as a photographer in the 1960s. His works are characterized early on by a distinctive, concise style and unusual perspectives. Today, after a 50-year creative phase, he has an extensive body of photographic work, consistently in black and white, with numerous series from Israel, Venice and Berlin, still lifes, portraits and photographic collages. Habermann's »pearls«, his mostly constructivist watercolors, geometric forms in strong colors, finely balanced into a postcard-sized composition, seem almost like a commentary on his own conception of the image. An extensive exhibition of works from the artist's private archive can now be seen in Berlin from mid-February.